Abstracts: Quantitative and Qualitive : Nursing: Emergency Department
This week, you will submit summaries of quantitative and qualitative studies. The purpose of this assignment is to become familiar with published research, research designs, and methodologies. For the assignment, you will select two original or primary research studies: one quantitative research study and one qualitative study related to the field of nursing. You will write an abstract of each study.
• The selected articles should be original research studies.
• Review articles, concept analysis, meta-analysis, meta-synthesis, integrative review, and systemic review should NOT be used.
• Mixed-methods studies should not be used.
1. Your abstracts should begin with the APA Style reference to the research article that is reviewed
2. Your abstracts should be written in your own words. (The abstracts within the studies your choose will not answer all of the assignment questions.)
3. Your abstracts should be accurate, brief, clear, between 150–250 words, and include only the most essential information.
4. Use current APA Style to format your paper and to cite your sources.
5. You are required to attach both research studies (the full articles) that you use to write your abstracts.The original research study articles may be copied onto a Word document or saved in a PDF format.
Address the following questions in each of your abstracts:
1. What type of research is it (quantitative, qualitative)?
2. What was the research question(s) or hypothesis?
3. What is the sample (population), the sample size, and sample attributes (characteristics)?
4. What is the setting (facility type, location, and country) of the study?
5. What were the researcher’s results and findings? (Identify one that clearly measures the dependent variable or objective of the research.)
Quantitative Research Study Abstract
Goldstein et al. (2018) is a quantitative study that relies on the randomized control trial design to test the effectiveness of the point of care testing approach as an effective approach of helping to reduce the wait times in the emergency department. The main research question explored in Goldstein et al., (2018) qualitative study is what the effectiveness of the upfront point-of-care testing approach in reducing the patient wait times in the emergency department is? The central hypothesis of Goldstein et al. (2018) is that upfront point-of-care testing can help to significantly reduce the patient wait times in the emergency department.
Goldstein et al., (2018) study focused on a sample population of adults more than 18 years who presented to an emergency department during weekdays. The research participants include patients who were not pregnant and did not require immediate resuscitation after presenting to the emergency room. The research includes 1044 participants.
Goldstein et al., (2018) study took place in a tertiary academic hospital emergency department in a metropolitan area of Johannesburg, South Africa.
Goldstein et al., (2018) study results highlight that there was more than a 20% reduction in treatment waiting times for patients of different categories in the emergency department after the introduction of the point-of-care testing approach compared to the standard way of operations. (Goldstein et al. (2018) highlight that point-of-care testing is one of the most effective approaches that can be adopted in emergency departments of health care facilities to help significantly reduce patient wait times. According to Luppa (2020), the full benefit of point of care testing can therefore only be truly realized if it is introduced as part of the standard procedure in an emergency department prior to doctor evaluation.
Goldstein, L., Wells, M., & Vincent-Lambert, C. (2018). A Randomized Controlled Trial to Assess the Impact of Upfront Point-of-Care Testing on Emergency Department Treatment Time. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 150(3), 224–234. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/aqy042
Luppa, P. B. (2020). Point-of-care testing at the interface of emerging technologies and new clinical applications. Journal of Laboratory Medicine, 44(2), 59–61. https://doi.org/10.1515/labmed-2020-0020
Qualitative Research Study Abstract
Walker et al. (2020) is a qualitative study that utilizes the semi-structured interviews approach to determine whether different stakeholders in healthcare, such as patients and healthcare practitioners, would be interested in the display of estimated emergency department patient wait times. The research question that Walker et al. (2020) sought to answer is the perspective of patient communities, health administrators, and paramedics on the display of estimated wait times in the emergency department. The hypothesis explored in Walker et al., (2020) study is, that patients, paramedics, health administrators, and communities will be interested in the display of estimated patient wait times in the emergency department.
The sample population involved in Walker et al., (2020) study included paramedics, patients, and support persons in emergency departments, paramedic controllers, well community member general practitioners, and hospital administrators. The sample size in Walker et al., (2020) study included a total of 110 participants comprising 15 community members, 32 patients, 21 paramedics in the 22 carers, and 20 health service administrators.
Walker et al., (2020) study was undertaken in regional and tertiary hospitals in Melbourne, Australia.
The main results of Walker et al., (2020) qualitative study are that healthcare practitioners and patients face both physical and psychological difficulties when the wait times in the emergency department are not visible. Most patients want to see the triage-to-doctor times, while most health care practitioners and paramedics want to see the door to off stretcher times. The majority of both healthcare practitioners and patients rely on patient wait times to make decisions. Walker et al. (2020) concluded that paramedics and patients require emergency department wait time information visibility. They can therefore utilize this information in a variety of ways to enhance their health care experience.
Walker, K., Stephenson, M., Loupis, A., Ben‐Meir, M., Joe, K., Stephenson, M., Lowthian, J., Yip, B., Wu, E., Hansen, K., Rosler, R., Buntine, P., & Hutton, J. (2020). Displaying emergency patient estimated wait times: A multi‐centre, qualitative study of patient, community, paramedic and health administrator perspectives. Emergency Medicine Australasia. Published. https://doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13640