Qualitative Analysis Coding- TOPIC 7 Q 2
QUESTION-TOPIC 7 DQ 2
Describe the process of coding qualitative data. Identify the distinguishing factors between inductive and deductive coding..
Coding in Qualitative Data
Coding is the process of analyzing data in research. It is crucial to evaluate research data and ensure that the data collected is authentic and standardized for research purposes (Elliott, 2018). In coding, researchers break down the data into subsections and critically analyze the words to form statements before putting them back into meaningful data. Thus, it is a tool that helps researchers to analyze collected data into more concrete, meaningful, critically, and organized data.
The Process of Qualitative Coding
Coding qualitative data can be a little bit challenging but worthwhile, especially for researchers. The process entails steps to help researchers improve their analyses and draw a concrete conclusion in their studies. Developing a research question and design is the first thing (Linneberg & Korsgaard, 2019). The question helps in determining the data type that can be used in the completion of the study. Reviewing appropriate research works is crucial in this process (Linneberg & Korsgaard, 2019). This is important because it assists researchers in developing some data tools that are applicable for their studies and avoids duplication of data of previous studies. Finally, gathering some data and documenting it enhances organized analysis (Linneberg & Korsgaard, 2019). Coding can be tiresome because of analyzing word by word, but it is more effective in research because of its authenticity.
Inductive and deductive approaches are both used in the coding data process. The inductive process focuses on the terms and phrases that participant’s use. Researchers mainly rely on the participants’ words and not theoretical framework. Thus, it can have several codes in the end (Linneberg & Korsgaard, 2019). While deductive focuses on theories and reviews of literature, hence having two or three codes in its analysis (Linneberg & Korsgaard, 2019). Due to the personal ideas of individuals rather than the researchers’ investigation, the inductive can be more unorganized considered to deductive that is well structured and organized.
Elliott, V. (2018). Thinking about the coding process in qualitative data analysis. The Qualitative Report, 23(11), 2850-2861.https://www.proquest.com/openview/bd8668bc7af5c395f8c00171f50100a7/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=55152
Linneberg, M. S., & Korsgaard, S. (2019). Coding qualitative data: A synthesis guiding the novice. Qualitative research journal.https://pure.au.dk/ws/files/190067680/Linneberg_2019_Coding_qualitative_data.pdf